2019 | vol. 67 | nr. 1 | art. 13

Climate and Energy Governance at a Crossroad: Global, Regional and National Dimensions

Energy is the source and, at the same time, the solution of the climate change problem, since the energy sector contributes to the greenhouse gases emissions and offers renewable energy and energy efficiency schemes to reduce them. A deep energy transition to low-carbon economies is needed in order to achieve the Paris Agreement goals. The article aims at analysing the integrated legal regulation of climate change and energy policies at the global and regional scales. The authors examine the climate and energy-related issues in different international treaties, soft-law instruments, including reports and other documents of international intergovernmental organizations, European Union official documents and legislation, voluntary non-state actors’ commitments, as well as international and national judicial practice. The European Union law on climate change and energy is the most comprehensive and integrated among all legal models of tackling the problem of energy-climate policy regulation and may form the basis for enhanced future action at the global level. Some insight was made into legal regulation of the topic in the United States of America and the People’s Republic of China as the biggest greenhouse gases emitters. Energy and climate policies at the global, regional and national levels must be integrated and interlinked in order to attain sustainable development and Paris goals. The preference must be given to strict legal governance, ambitious international and domestic commitments with attracting non-state initiatives only as a supplementary tool.
Keywords: energy, climate, greenhouse gases, policy, law, global, European
To cite this article: MEDVEDIEVA M., SMIRNOVA K., “Climate and energy governance at a crossroad: global, regional and national dimensions”, in Electrotehnica, Electronica, Automatica (EEA), 2019, vol. 67, no. 1, pp. 101-114, ISSN 1582-5175.